"This book will certainly prove to be a useful resource and reference point ... a good addition to anyone's bookshelf." Network"This is a superb collection, expertly presented. The overall conception seems splendid, giving an excellent sense of the issues... The selection and length of the readings is admirably judged, with both the classic texts and the few unpublished pieces making just the right points." William Outhwaite, Professor of Sociology, University of Sussex"... an indispensable book for all of us in philosophy and the social sciences who teach and care about the shape of social knowledge in the future." Steven Seidman, Professor of Sociology, State University of New York Albany"For a comprehensive account of the ways in which world transformations affect claims to social scientific knowledge, one need look no further than Gerard Delanty and Piet Strydom's Philosophies of Social Science. ...this collection captures nicely the increasingly engaged political nature of the philosophy of social science. Debates about pragmatism, feminism and postmodernism are particularly well represented" The AustralianWhat is social science? How does it differ from the other sciences?What is the meaning of method in social science?What is the nature and limits of scientific knowledge?This collection of over sixty extracts from classic works on the philosophy of social science provides an essential textbook and a landmark reference in the field. It highlights the work of some of the most influential authors who have shaped social science.The texts explore the question of truth, the meaning of scientific knowledge, the nature of methodology and the relation of science to society, including edited extracts from both classic and contemporary works by authors such as Emile Durkheim, Georg Simmel, Max Weber, Alfred Schutz, Max Horkheimer, Jurgen Habermas, Alvin Gouldner, Karl-Otto Apel, Michel Foucault, Pierre Bourdieu, Anthony Giddens, Dorothy Smith, Donna Haraway, Sigmund Freud, Jacques Derrida and Claude Levi-Strauss.The readings are representative of the major schools of thought, including European and American trends in particular as well as approaches that are often excluded from mainstream traditions. From a teaching and learning perspective the volume is strengthened by extensive introductions to each of the six sections, as well as a general introduction to the reader as a whole. These introductions contextualise the readings and offer succinct summaries of them.This volume is the definitive companion to the study of the philosophy of social science, taught within undergraduate or postgraduate courses in sociology and the social sciences.
A collection of over sixty extracts from classic works on the philosophy of social science. It highlights the work of some of the influential authors who have shaped social science.
Preface and acknowledgementsINTRODUCTIONWhat is the philosophy of social science? PART 1Positivism, its dissolution and the emergence of post-empiricismIntroduction: a general outlineThe selected texts1 EMILE DURKHEIMWhat is a social fact? (1895) 2 OTTO NEURATHThe scientific world conception (1929) 3 CARL G. HEMPELConcept and theory in social science (1952) 4 ERNST NAGELMethodological problems of the social sciences (1961) 5 KARL POPPER The problem of induction (1934) 6 RUDOLF CARNAPConfirmation, testing and meaning (1936) 7 TALCOTT PARSONSTheory and empirical fact (1937) 8 A.J. AYERThe characterization of sense-data (1940) 9 W.V.O. QUINETwo dogmas of empiricism (1951) 10 LUDWIG WITTGENSTEINLanguage games and meaning (1953) 11 STEPHEN TOULMINThe evolution of scientific ideas (1961) 12 THOMAS KUHNA role for history (1962) 13 IMRE LAKATOSFalsification and the methodology of scientific research programmes (1970) 14 PAUL FEYERABENDAgainst method (1975) PART 2The interpretative traditionIntroduction: a general outlineThe selected texts15 WILHELM DILTHEYThe development of hermeneutics (1900) 16 GEORG SIMMELOn the nature of historical understanding (1918) How is society possible? (1908) 17 MAX WEBER'Objectivity' in social science (1904) 18 SIGMUND FREUDThe dream-work (1900) A philosophy of life (1932) 19 ERNST CASSIRERFrom a critique of abstraction to relationalism (1910) 20 KARL MANNHEIMCompetition as a cultural phenomenon (1929) 21 ALFRED SCHUTZConcept and theory formation in the social sciences (1954) 22 MAURICE MERLEAU-PONTYThe philosopher and sociology (1960) 23 MARTIN HEIDEGGERThe age of the world picture (1938) 24 PETER WINCHPhilosophy and science (1958) 25 HANS-GEORG GADAMERHermeneutical understanding (1960) 26 JUERGEN HABERMASThe hermeneutic claim to universality (1973) 27 PAUL RICOEURTowards a critical hermeneutic: hermeneutics and the critique of ideology (1973) 28 CHARLES TAYLORInterpretation and the sciences of man (1971) 29 CLIFFORD GEERTZThe thick description of culture (1973) 30 AARON CICOURELMethod and measurement (1964) 31 HAROLD GARFINKELRational properties of scientific and common-sense activities (1960) 32 ERVING GOFFMANPrimary frameworks (1974) PART 3The critical traditionIntroduction: a general outlineThe selected texts33 MAX HORKHEIMERTraditional and critical theory (1937) 34 HERBERT MARCUSEPhilosophy and critical theory (1937) 35 THEODOR W. ADORNOSociology and empirical research (1969) 36 JUERGEN HABERMASKnowledge and human interests (1965) The tasks of a critical theory (1981) 37 KARL-OTTO APELTypes of social science in light of human cognitive interests (1977) 38 ALBRECHT WELLMERCritical theory of society (1969) 39 ROBERTO MANGABEIRA UNGERThe critical argument (1975) 40 ALVIN GOULDNERTowards a refiexive sociology (1970) PART 4Pragmatism, semiotics and transcendental pragmaticsIntroduction: a general outlineThe selected texts41 CHARLES S. PEIRCEA definition of pragmatic and pragmatism (1902) 42 JOHN DEWEYSocial inquiry (1938) 43 CHARLES MORRISFoundations of the theory of signs (1938) Pragmatics and semantics (1946) 44 C. WRIGHT MILLSSituated actions and vocabularies of motive (1940) 45 KARL-OTTO APELTranscendental pragmatics (1979) PART 5The structuralist controversy: language, discouse and practiceIntroduction: a general outlineThe selected texts46 CLAUDE LEVI-STRAUSSStructural analysis in linguistics and in anthropology (1958) Language and the analysis of social laws (1951) 47 LUCIEN GOLDMANNThe human sciences and philosophy (1966) 48 MICHEL FOUCAULTThe order of things (1966) Power/knowledge (1976) 49 JACQUES DERRIDAStructure, sign and play in the discourses of the human sciences (1966) 50 PIERRE BOURDIEUThe logic of practice (1980) PART 6New directions and challengesIntroduction: a general outlineThe selected texts51 RICHARD J. BERNSTEIN'Anti-foundationalism' (1991) 52 PIERRE BOURDIEURadical doubt (1992) On science and politics (1999) 53 ANTHONY GIDDENSSocial science as a double hermeneutic (1984) 54 DOROTHY SMITHThe standpoint of women in the everyday world (1987) 55 DONNA HARAWAYSituated knowledges: the science question in feminism and the privilege of partial perspective (1988) 56 PATRICIA HILL COLLINSThe sociological significance of black feminist thought (1986) 57 KARIN KNORR-CETINAStrong constructivism (1993) 58 IAN HACKINGWhat is social construction? The teenage pregnancy example (2002) 59 STEVE FULLERThe project of social epistemology and the elusive problem of knowledge in contemporary society (2002) 60 NIKLAS LUHMANNThe cognitive program of constructivism and a reality that remains unknown (1990) 61 ROY BHASKAR Transcendental realism and the problem of naturalism (1979) 62 JON ELSTERRational choice and the explanation of social action (2001) 63 RANDALL COLLINSSociological realism (1998) 64 JUERGEN HABERMASRealism after the linguistic-pragmatic turn (1999) Further readingIndex
Biographical noteGerard Delanty is Professor of Sociology in the University of Liverpool, UK. He was Visiting Professor at York University, Toronto in 1998, at Doshisha University, Kyoto, Japan in 2000, and he has taught at universities in Ireland, Germany and Italy. His books include Social Science: Beyond Constructivism and Realism (1997), Social Theory in a Changing World (1999), Modernity and Postmodernity: Knowledge, Power, the Self (2000), Challenging Knowledge: The University in the Knowledge Society (2002).
Piet Strydom is Statutory Lecturer in Sociology at the National University of Ireland, Cork. He is a former founder-director of the Centre for European Social Research, Cork. Besides many articles on social theory and the philosophy of social science in anthologies and in such journals as Telos, Political Studies, Theory, Culture & Society, Philosophy and Social Criticism, European Journal of Social Theory, Current Sociology and Sociological Theory, books he has published include Discourse and Knowledge (2000), and Risk, Environment and Society (2002). He is currently writing a book on the new cognitive sociology.